Fit Med NY

What is Minoxidil?

Minoxidil is a medication that is primarily used for the treatment of hair loss. Originally developed as an oral medication to treat high blood pressure, it was discovered that minoxidil had a side effect of promoting hair growth. As a result, it was later formulated into a topical solution for the treatment of hair loss, specifically androgenetic alopecia (male pattern baldness)
and female pattern hair loss.

Minoxidil is available over-the-counter in various strengths, typically as a liquid or foam. It is generally applied directly to the scalp once or twice a day, depending on the product’s instructions. It is important to note that minoxidil may take several months of consistent use to show noticeable results, and the effects may vary between individuals.

How does Minoxidil promote hair growth?

When applied topically to the scalp, minoxidil works by widening the blood vessels, increasing blood flow, and improving the delivery of nutrients and oxygen to hair follicles. It is believed to stimulate hair growth by prolonging the anagen (growth) phase of the hair cycle, and it may also promote the growth of thicker and longer hair strands.

How do you use Minoxidil?

When using minoxidil, it is important to follow the instructions provided with the specific product you have, as different formulations and strengths may have slightly different application guidelines. However, here are general steps for using minoxidil:

1. Prepare the scalp: Ensure that your scalp is clean and dry before applying minoxidil. It is recommended to wash and thoroughly dry your scalp before use.
2. Measure the appropriate dose: For liquid formulations, use the dropper or applicator provided with the product to measure the recommended dose. Typically, the dose is about 1 mL (approximately 20 drops). Foam formulations may come with a specific amount in each can, usually half a capful or one full capful.
3. Apply minoxidil to the affected area: Part your hair to expose the area of the scalp where hair loss or thinning is occurring. Apply the measured dose of minoxidil directly to the scalp in the affected area. Gently massage the solution or foam into the scalp to ensure even distribution.
4. Wash your hands: After applying minoxidil, wash your hands thoroughly to remove any product that may have come into contact with your skin.
5. Allow the product to dry: Let the minoxidil solution or foam dry completely on your scalp before touching or styling your hair. This usually takes about 2 to 4 hours, depending on the product.
6. Repeat application: Follow the recommended dosing schedule provided with the product. Typically, minoxidil is applied once or twice daily, depending on the specific instructions.
7. Be consistent: It is important to use minoxidil consistently as directed. Hair regrowth and
maintenance typically require ongoing and continuous use of the product.

What are the benefits of using Minoxidil?

Minoxidil is believed to increase the size of hair follicles and prolong the anagen (growth) phase of the hair cycle leading to increased hair follicle activity. This can result in increased hair thickness and density. Minoxidil may promote the growth of new hair strands, especially in areas where hair is thinning or balding. It is particularly effective in the crown area for men and the central scalp for women, due to its stimulation of hair growth. There is also improved blood flow to hair follicles. Minoxidil widens the blood vessels in the scalp, leading to improved blood circulation. This increased blood flow can provide better delivery of nutrients and oxygen to the hair follicles, promoting healthier hair growth. It can slow down hair loss and slow the
progression of hair loss in individuals with androgenetic alopecia. It can help maintain existing hair and prevent further thinning.


This treatment option is suitable for various stages of hair loss too. Minoxidil is effective at different stages of hair loss, including early stages of thinning and more advanced cases. It can be used as a standalone treatment or in combination with other hair loss therapies.



Lastly, it is convenient and easy to use. Minoxidil is available over-the-counter and can be easily applied topically. It comes in different formulations, such as liquid or foam, making it convenient for regular application

What are the side effects of using Minoxidil?

While minoxidil is generally well-tolerated, some individuals may experience side effects. It’s important to be aware of potential side effects and to consult with a healthcare professional if you have any concerns. Some possible side effects of minoxidil include scalp irritation, increased hair shedding, dryness or flaking of the scalp, unwanted hair growth, dizziness or
lightheadedness and chest pain or rapid heartbeat in rare cases